Gum problems also called as Pyorrhea is quite common problem due to lack of good oral hygiene. Patients complain of bleeding from gums, bad breath, loosening of teeth when they suffer from gum or periodontal disease.
Periodontal (Gum) disease is an infection of the tissues supporting and surrounding the teeth. It is mainly caused by the accumulation of bacteria from the dental plaque that inflames and damages the gums. This chronic infection attacks below the gum line where it breaks down the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues.
Several factors increase the risk of developing gum diseases, the most common of which include tobacco smoking and chewing, systemic illnesses like diabetes or cancer, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menstruation, medications such as contraceptives and anticonvulsants, ill-fitting bridges and fillings that have become defective.
Regular dental check-ups and examinations are important because it is possible to have gum infections without the usual signs and symptoms. They may advance painlessly, exhibiting few evident signs even in the late phase of the disease. This explains the increased risk of losing one's teeth.
It has been proven with research that those who have periodontal disease are more prone to get heart disease.
During pregnancy it is very important to maintain good oral hygiene and studies have indicated that women with poor oral hygiene and periodontal problems have more chances of having a preterm low birth weight babies.
In special conditions such as pregnancy we should get a dental check up done to prevent pregnancy induced gingivitis and periodontitis.
Regular dental check-ups and examinations are important because it is possible to have gum infections without the usual signs and symptoms
There are few if any early warning signs, but as the disease progresses, the signs and symptoms become more obvious.
Red swollen gums that may bleed easily
Persistent bad breath
Tall looking teeth (Recession)
Loose teeth (Mobility)
HEALTHY GUMS AND TEETH
Coral pink gums
Gums hug teeth tightly
Periodontal Pockets 1-3mm deep
First Stage Diagnosis: Gingivitis
Gums become red/swollen that may bleed easily
Warning – This stage is not always obvious
Periodontal Pockets 1-4mm deep
Second Stage Diagnosis : Early Periodontitis
Periodontal Pockets form as gums separate from teeth
Periodontal Pockets 4-5mm deep
Third Stage Diagnosis : Moderate Periodontitis
Periodontal Pockets deepen as more bone supporting the tooth is lost
Periodontal Pockets become difficult to clean as they deepen
Periodontal Pockets 5-6mm deep
Fourth Stage Diagnosis : Severe Periodontitis
More than 50% of the bone supporting the tooth has been lost
Teeth loosen or may need to be extracted
Periodontal Pockets 6-10mm deep
Orthodontic Masters (formerly known as OM Orthodontic & Dental Implant Centre) was established in 2007 by Dr Akhil Agarwal with a vision to give quality dental treatment services to the people of Lucknow and surrounding areas. Dr. Agarwal specializes in Orthodontics or braces treatment for the young as well as adult patients. He is a certified Lingual Orthodontist (Invisible/ No Show Braces). Read More